Literary Terms and Definitions OLiterary. Terms and Definitions OThis page is under perpetual. It was last updated September 1, 2. This. list is meant to assist, not intimidate. Tabtight professional, free when you need it, VPN service. This update will see the death of the old email program Outlook Express, as well as the depreciation of the popular Paint application. As Microsoft told Gizmodo back. April 2016. 2278 0742. Founding Chief Editor Profile. Dr. Mrudula Lakkaraju, Department of English, Osmania University is trained from EFLU and a Doctorate from. Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines, catalogs, newspapers, books, and more online. Easily share your publications and get. Use it as a touchstone. Vocabulary. terms are listed alphabetically. A. North Korea successfully tested a hydrogen bomb on Sunday, according to officials in the country. If confirmed, it would be the most powerful nuclear explosion ever. This webpage is for Dr. Wheelers literature students, and it offers introductory survey information concerning the literature of classical China, classical Rome. The Writings of Harold E. Palmer An Overview Richard C. Smith HonnoTomosha 1999. The DayPoems Poetry Collection Timothy Bovee, editor www. daypoems. net Click on the bonsai for the next poem. DayPoems Forum. Click to submit poems to DayPoems. Y ZOBELISK Also called a dagger, this punctuation mark looks much like a Christian cross. Older texts used this mark to indicate a digression or extraneous text moved out of the main body of the essay and relocated at the bottom of the page as a sidenote. If more than one such section needed such relocation, the second passage was marked by a double dagger that looked like two crosses attached together along the vertical line of the crosses. The obelisk has fallen out of common use today, as most modern editors prefer using footnotes. The Uniform Code to create an obelisk on a PC is ALT 0. OBJECTIVE. CORRELATIVE Click here for a. OBJECTIVE FORM. A form of pronouns used as the objects of prepositions and. Examples include the pronouns him. Modern English uses a single objective form to mark what originally. OBJECTIVE POINT OF VIEW. See discussion under point. OBLIQUE FORM. The various forms or cases of any word in a declined language. The term oblique to describe this comes from medieval. Latin word at an oblique angle except for the nominative. Thus, these forms became known as oblique forms. OCCASIONAL. POEM A poem written or recited to commemorate a specific. It. may be light or serious. Notable examples are Miltons On. Late Massacre in Piedmont, Marvells Horatian. Ode upon Cromwells Return from Ireland, Tennysons Charge. Light Brigade and Yeatss Easter 1. Some of Chaucers poetry was occasional verse. He probably wrote. The Book of the Duchess either within a few months. John of Gaunts wife traditionally dated as. September 1. 36. 9, or he may possibly have written it for one. Gaunt held to honor. Likewise, Chaucer may have written The. Parliament of Fowls for Valentines Day in 1. Richard II to Princess Anne of Bohemia. Contrast with place poem. OCTAVE. Not to be confused with octavo. Italian or Petrarchan. ABBAABBA. See sonnet. OCTAVO. Not to be confused with octave. When a single, large uncut sheet. If the folio is in turn folded in half once more and cut, the. If the quarto is in turn folded in half and cut once more, the. Thus, an octavo is a book made of. On a single sheet, the page visible on. Latin for right, and the reverse or bottom side of. Only one of Shakespeares Renaissance plays, Richard. Duke of York better known as Henry VI, Part 3. Compare octavo. with folio. ODE. A long, often elaborate stanzaic poem of varying line lengths. The ode is usually. Conventionally, many odes are written or dedicated to. For instance, Ode to the West Wind. England. Keats. has a clever inversion of this convention in Ode on a. Grecian Urn, in which his choice of the preposition on. Classical odes are often divided by tone, with Pindaric. Horatian. odes being cool, detached, and balanced with criticism. Andrew Marvells Upon Cromwells Return from Ireland. Horatian ode. OED. The standard abbreviation among scholars for The Oxford. English Dictionary, a huge twenty volume set that functions. English available. See Oxford. English Dictionary. OEDIPAL. COMPLEX The late Victorian. Freud argued that male. They would in a sense desire to usurp the fathers place in. In most healthy adults, this urge would be repressed. Freud coined the phrase from. Oedipus, the doomed Greek hero. In Oedipuss infancy. Every effort made to thwart the prophecy, however. The events are recounted most masterfully. Sophocless play, Oedipus Rex. Oedipuss crimes though. Antigon. Several. Freud describes. For instance, Greek mythology. Zeus overthrows Chronos. Concerning the play Hamlet. Hamlets. rage at his Gertrudes sexual romps and Hamlets tormented desire. Claudius. See Freudian. OFF. GLIDE In linguistics, the second half of a diphthong. OFF. RHYME In poetry, another term. OGAM also spelled ogham, pronounced either OH yeem or AG em The term comes from Old Irish Oghma, probably an eponym of Oghma the Irish god of invention. It refers to a form of symbolic Celtic markings common in the 5th and 6th centuries in which a communicant would scratch or notch a series of marks on the edge of a stone or on a stick to indicate sounds or letters. The number and direction of the scratches or notches indicated the specific sound to form a word, and together they constituted an entire writing system. Ogam markings are commonly found on Irish standing stones, tombs, and boundary markers, and the alphabet the Irish used consisted of 2. Wales and in Europe. Click here for a handout on ogam markings. OGHAM See discussion under ogam, above. O. HENRY ENDING Also called a trick ending. O. Henry endings usually. The term comes from. O. Henry a pen. name for William Sidney Porter, which typically. Note that an O. Henry ending. This is the opposite sentiment from a deus. OLD. COMEDY The Athenian comedies dating to 4. BCE, featuring. invective, satire, ribald humor, and song and dance. See further. discussion under stock. OLD. ENGLISH Also known as Anglo Saxon, Old English is the ancestor. Middle English and Modern English. It is a Germanic language. British Isles by tribes such as the. Angles, Saxons, and Jutes in a series of invasions in the fifth. Poems such as Beowulf are samples of Old English. Old English was common in England from about 4. AD up to about. 1. AD. The Norman Conquest in 1. Normans who spoke French, and the influx of French. Old English, eventually resulting in Middle. English. See Middle. English and Modern. English. To see computerized lettering and words transcribed. Old English document, click. To avoid irritating your teacher, do not confuse Old. English, Middle English, and Modern English. This. diagram will help you contrast them. OLFACTORY IMAGERY. Imagery dealing with scent. See imagery. OLLAMH. An ancient Irish storyteller. The ollamh profession. They were. required professionally to know 3. The Welsh equivalent is a cyfarwydd. OLYMPIAN Known as the theoi, in Greek, the Olympian deities were those gods in Greco Roman mythology who resided or frequently met on the top of Mount Olympus as part of Zeus advisors and close family. They were traditionally numbered at twelve, though accounts varied slightly in which deities fell into this category. The Greeks saw the Olympian deities as contrasting with both the Twelve Titans whom Zeus overthrew to establish his own reign and with the older chthonic gods i. OMEN. A miraculous sign, a natural disaster, or a disturbance in nature. Greek culture held that if the gods were upset, they might visit. Comets might appear in. For. instance, in the Odyssey, Book 1. Odysseuss. starving sailors slaughter and eat the holy cattle on the Isle. Hlios. They then see a dire portent, when the dead. And. soon the gods sent portents The flayed hides crawled along the ground the flesh. Upon the spits, both roast and raw, began. To bellow we heard the sounds of lowing cows. After the heroic age of. Homer, earth tremors and similar disruptions also could lead. Athens a fact causing. Greece has always been a tectonically. The Romans likewise shared. During the days of. Roman Republic, in the year 6. BCE, a great storm uprooted. Tiber. Cicero. argued these disasters showed the gods were upset with Julius. Caesars proposed legislative changes. Likewise, if a vote passed. Roman senate, and lightning was seen to flash in the. Senate would often repeal whatever legislaton they. Song of Myself. Wont you help support Day. Poems 1. 81. 9 1. I celebrate myself, and sing myself. And what I assume you shall assume. For every atom belonging to me as good belongs to you. I loafe and invite my soul. I lean and loafe at my ease observing a spear of summer grass. My tongue, every atom of my blood, formd from this soil, this air. Born here of parents born here from parents the same, and their. I, now thirty seven years old in perfect health begin. Hoping to cease not till death. Creeds and schools in abeyance. Retiring back a while sufficed at what they are, but never forgotten. I harbor for good or bad, I permit to speak at every hazard. Nature without check with original energy. Houses and rooms are full of perfumes, the shelves are crowded with. I breathe the fragrance myself and know it and like it. The distillation would intoxicate me also, but I shall not let it. The atmosphere is not a perfume, it has no taste of the. It is for my mouth forever, I am in love with it. I will go to the bank by the wood and become undisguised and naked. I am mad for it to be in contact with me. The smoke of my own breath. Echoes, ripples, buzzd whispers, love root, silk thread, crotch and vine. My respiration and inspiration, the beating of my heart, the passing. The sniff of green leaves and dry leaves, and of the shore and. The sound of the belchd words of my voice loosd to the eddies of. A few light kisses, a few embraces, a reaching around of arms. The play of shine and shade on the trees as the supple boughs wag. The delight alone or in the rush of the streets, or along the fields. The feeling of health, the full noon trill, the song of me rising. Have you reckond a thousand acres much Have you practisd so long to learn to readHave you felt so proud to get at the meaning of poems Stop this day and night with me and you shall possess the origin of. You shall possess the good of the earth and sun, there are millions. You shall no longer take things at second or third hand, nor look through. You shall not look through my eyes either, nor take things from me. You shall listen to all sides and filter them from your self. I have heard what the talkers were talking, the talk of the. But I do not talk of the beginning or the end. There was never any more inception than there is now. Nor any more youth or age than there is now. And will never be any more perfection than there is now. Nor any more heaven or hell than there is now. Urge and urge and urge. Always the procreant urge of the world. Out of the dimness opposite equals advance, always substance and. Always a knit of identity, always distinction, always a breed of life. To elaborate is no avail, learnd and unlearnd feel that it is so. Sure as the most certain sure, plumb in the uprights, well. Stout as a horse, affectionate, haughty, electrical. I and this mystery here we stand. Clear and sweet is my soul, and clear and sweet is all that is not my soul. Lack one lacks both, and the unseen is proved by the seen. Till that becomes unseen and receives proof in its turn. Showing the best and dividing it from the worst age vexes age. Knowing the perfect fitness and equanimity of things, while they. I am silent, and go bathe and admire myself. Welcome is every organ and attribute of me, and of any man hearty and clean. Not an inch nor a particle of an inch is vile, and none shall be. I am satisfied I see, dance, laugh, sing. As the hugging and loving bed fellow sleeps at my side through the night. Leaving me baskets coverd with white towels swelling the house with. Shall I postpone my acceptation and realization and scream at my eyes. That they turn from gazing after and down the road. And forthwith cipher and show me to a cent. Exactly the value of one and exactly the value of two, and which is aheadTrippers and askers surround me. People I meet, the effect upon me of my early life or the ward and. I live in, or the nation. The latest dates, discoveries, inventions, societies, authors old and new. My dinner, dress, associates, looks, compliments, dues. The real or fancied indifference of some man or woman I love. The sickness of one of my folks or of myself, or ill doing or loss. Battles, the horrors of fratricidal war, the fever of doubtful news. These come to me days and nights and go from me again. But they are not the Me myself. Apart from the pulling and hauling stands what I am. Stands amused, complacent, compassionating, idle, unitary. Looks down, is erect, or bends an arm on an impalpable certain rest. Looking with side curved head curious what will come next. Both in and out of the game and watching and wondering at it. Backward I see in my own days where I sweated through fog with. I have no mockings or arguments, I witness and wait. I believe in you my soul, the other I am must not abase itself to you. And you must not be abased to the other. Loafe with me on the grass, loose the stop from your throat. Not words, not music or rhyme I want, not custom or lecture, not. Only the lull I like, the hum of your valved voice. I mind how once we lay such a transparent summer morning. How you settled your head athwart my hips and gently turnd over upon me. And parted the shirt from my bosom bone, and plunged your tongue. And reachd till you felt my beard, and reachd till you held my feet. Swiftly arose and spread around me the peace and knowledge that pass. And I know that the hand of God is the promise of my own. And I know that the spirit of God is the brother of my own. And that all the men ever born are also my brothers, and the women. And that a kelson of the creation is love. And limitless are leaves stiff or drooping in the fields. And brown ants in the little wells beneath them. And mossy scabs of the worm fence, heapd stones, elder, mullein and. A child said What is the grass How could I answer the child I do not know what it is any more than he. I guess it must be the flag of my disposition, out of hopeful green. Or I guess it is the handkerchief of the Lord. A scented gift and remembrancer designedly dropt. Bearing the owners name someway in the corners, that we may see. Whose Or I guess the grass is itself a child, the produced babe of the vegetation. Or I guess it is a uniform hieroglyphic. And it means, Sprouting alike in broad zones and narrow zones. Growing among black folks as among white. Kanuck, Tuckahoe, Congressman, Cuff, I give them the same, I. And now it seems to me the beautiful uncut hair of graves. Tenderly will I use you curling grass. It may be you transpire from the breasts of young men. It may be if I had known them I would have loved them. It may be you are from old people, or from offspring taken soon out. And here you are the mothers laps. This grass is very dark to be from the white heads of old mothers. Darker than the colorless beards of old men. Dark to come from under the faint red roofs of mouths. O I perceive after all so many uttering tongues. And I perceive they do not come from the roofs of mouths for nothing. I wish I could translate the hints about the dead young men and women. And the hints about old men and mothers, and the offspring taken. What do you think has become of the young and old men And what do you think has become of the women and childrenThey are alive and well somewhere. The smallest sprout shows there is really no death. And if ever there was it led forward life, and does not wait at the. And ceasd the moment life appeard. All goes onward and outward, nothing collapses. And to die is different from what any one supposed, and luckier.